According to a declaration from the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), the reigning junta in Guinea has consented to handing control to civilians after a period of two years. The junta did so under the prospect of looming sanctions to run the country for a period of three years (ECOWAS).
According to a document that was sent on Friday to an AFP correspondent and shared on social networks by the junta, “In a dynamic compromise, the experts of ECOWAS and Guinea have jointly developed a consolidated chronogram (calendar) of the transition spread over 24 months.”
The beginning of this twenty-four month period is not specified in the treaty. After the elections, Colonel Mamady Doumbouya has promised to hand over power to the civilian population. The junta had said before that it wanted to rule for three years. During that time, it planned to hold fair elections and make the big changes that were needed for what it called a “refoundation” of the Guinean state.
ECOWAS stated that such a delay could not be tolerated. The heads of state of the member states that were meeting at a summit in New York without Guinea on September 22 had given the authorities in the country one month to present a “reasonable and acceptable” timetable, and if they failed to do so, they would be subject to “more severe sanctions” than those that had already been imposed on the country.
According to the document that was provided by the regional organization, the timeline ought to be presented at the upcoming summit of ECOWAS “for its acceptance in order to initiate its execution.” Before the end of the year, the ECOWAS is expected to hold its regular summit meeting. Colonel Mamady Doumbouya took control through violent means on September 5, 2021, when he led his forces in an overthrow of the country’s civilian president, Alpha Conde. Since then, he has installed himself as president.
However, the bridges were never destroyed, and the Guinean authorities reaffirmed that they are willing to engage with ECOWAS, which this week dispatched a team to Conakry in order to negotiate a compromise about the timeline for the transition. On Thursday, the Prime Minister of Guinea, Bernard Goumou, stated that the authorities’ commitment to the three-year plan was “not written in stone.”