According to the most recent findings of the United Nations Inter Agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation, around 5 million children younger than 5 years old passed away in 2021, while 2.1 million people in the age range of 5 to 24 passed away during the same year.
A child or young person will die somewhere in the world once every 4.4 seconds in 2021, according to the most recent predictions and a report on UN data that was made public on Tuesday. According to the findings of the United Nations Inter Agency Group for Child Mortality in 2021, over 5 million children under the age of 5 have passed away, and 2.1 million children between the ages of 5 and 24 have also been lost.
According to a different analysis, the number of infants that were stillborn during the same time period is estimated to have been 1.9 million. These fatalities can be traced back to disparities in access to high-quality medical treatment. Sub-Saharan Africa was responsible for 56% of all deaths of children under the age of five in 2021, although it only accounted for 29% of global births. As a result, children living in this region have the highest risk of dying as children anywhere in the world.
Children who are born in this area have a mortality rate that is 15 times greater than that of those who are born in Europe and Northern America combined. In sub-Saharan Africa, over half of all stillbirths that were officially recorded occurred. On the other hand, the report indicates that there has been a significant improvement with a lower risk of death across the board for people of all ages globally since the year 2000. This decrease in risk of death can be attributed to increased investments in strengthening primary health systems for the benefit of women, children, and adolescents.
Since the turn of the century, the mortality rate for children under the age of five has plummeted by fifty percent all across the world, while the mortality rate for older children and teens has declined by thirty-six percent, and the stillbirth rate has dropped by thirty-five percent. Despite the fact that these advancements are noticeable, it appears that gains have drastically decreased. 2010: 54 nations will not fulfill the objective set by the Sustainable Development Goals for the death rate among children under the age of five.
According to the findings of the paper, if prompt action is not taken to enhance health services, almost 59 million children and youth will pass away before the year 2030, and around 16 million will be lost to stillbirth. However, the papers also emphasize that there are gaps in data that could significantly diminish the efficacy of policies and initiatives aimed at promoting the survival and well-being of children across the globe.