Germany, which has approximately one thousand soldiers stationed in Mali, is currently pulling them out of the country and is to finish pulling out all of its troops by May 2024. German Defence Minister Boris Pistorius has declared that his country wants to remove its troops from Mali more quickly while maintaining order. The UN peacekeeping deployment is scheduled to end on June 30, and German Defence Minister Pistorius has stated that his country wants to remove its troops as soon as possible.
The majority of the troops were stationed close to the northern town of Gao, where their primary responsibility is to collect reconnaissance for the United Nations peacekeeping force known as MINUSMA. On June 16, while condemning the “failure” of the United Nations operation, the Foreign Minister of Mali, Abdoulaye Diop, unexpectedly urged before the Security Council that the mission’s immediate evacuation be requested.
It appears that the United Nations’ most expensive peacekeeping operation, known as Minusma, may soon come to an end. At a cost of $1.2 billion per year, this mission was the most expensive in the UN’s history. This will throw Mali, a country that is battling attacks by jihadists, into the unknown.
Even as late as the beginning of June, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres referred to the continuous presence of Minusma as “invaluable,” despite the high expense. He did so in order to underscore regional fears of an expansion of extremist organisations in the event that Minusma withdrew. However, one of the most important aspects of maintaining peace is gaining the agreement of the country that is now at peace.
As a result, the most recent proposed resolution, which came from France on Wednesday, indicates that the Security Council will “terminate Minusma’s mandate in accordance with resolution 2640 (2022) as of June 30, 2023.”
The mission, which was established in 2013 with the goals of assisting in the stabilisation of a state that was under serious threat from jihadists and protecting people, would halt its activities on July 1 in order to concentrate on the withdrawal, “with the objective of completing this process by the 31st of December, 2023.”