Mali – The Special Representative of the Secretary-General of Mali, El-Ghassim Wane told the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) on Tuesday that a decade after civil conflict erupted in Mali, aspirations for an early settlement to insurgency and unrest had not materialised.
The Malian government is still working to restore normalcy in the country. Fresh combat between Government troops and Tuareg militants, and the capture of its northern region by radical extremists have affected the country.
UN on the humanitarian crisis
The United Nations (UN) warned about the humanitarian crisis in the nation. The UN wrote on Twitter, “Insecurity has expanded, the humanitarian situation has deteriorated, more children are out of school and the country has been affected by an endless cycle of instability.”
According to the UN, more than 1.8 million people are expected to need food assistance in 2022 compared to 1.3 million in 2021 in Mali, the greatest level of food insecurity recorded since 2014.
Mali is affected because of the recent attempted military coups. Reportedly, in mid-2021, armed coups displaced the governments in Mali. Furthermore, school closures also affected almost half a million youngsters, putting the country’s future at risk. Reportedly, the civilian population and the humanitarian crisis suffered greatly because of the ongoing crisis and fighting.
According to a report by the Republic World, on December 3, 2021, extremist forces assaulted a bus that killed 32 people which included 26 women. Wane highlighted the fact that the scenario would have been substantially worse if the global community had not intervened.
The Special Representative also briefed the Security Council on the current stand-off between the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and the Malian transitional leadership because of the delay in the election. The members of ECOWAS threatened to impose economic sanctions on Mali over the delay of elections after a 2020 military coup.