Saturday marked the day the parties to the conflict in Ethiopia reached an agreement on a peace path (Nov 12). In Nairobi, Kenya, the Head of the Tigray Forces and the Chief of Staff of the Ethiopian Armed Forces signed an agreement that, according to them, demands disengagement from all forms of military action. In the war-torn northern part of Tigray, all sides agreed to protect civilians and make it easier for aid groups to get their supplies to people who needed them.
The cessation of hostilities agreement reached by Ethiopian and Tigrayan leaders in South Africa the previous week was the impetus for the discussions that were led by the African Union in Nairobi. “We want to make it clear that we are fully committed to doing everything in our power to provide peace and security to our people and our nation.” According to Field Marshal Birhanu Jula, the Chief of Staff of the Ethiopian Armed Forces, “as a result, we will fully dedicate our duty to implementing the Pretoria agreement and this declaration.” In conclusion, he said, “We would like to confirm our complete commitment to the people of Ethiopia, to this panel, and to the globe.” “To this end, we would like to affirm our whole commitment to the people of Ethiopia.”
“Over the course of the past two years, we have endured a great deal of suffering, and we are still suffering today.” General Tadesse Werede, the commander-in-chief of Tigray forces, reaffirmed his position by stating that today’s promise was made “with the hope and expectations that our people’s suffering will come to an end soon.” The agreement was signed on November 12 by the commanders, who had been meeting since the month of November.
According to the terms of the agreement, the disarmament of Tigray will take place “concurrently with the withdrawal of foreign and non-Ethiopian military forces.” Olusegun Obasanjo, a former president of Nigeria who is currently assisting in the facilitation of these negotiations, stated on Saturday that “humanitarian relief should have commenced as soon as yesterday.” Uhuru Kenyatta, who used to be the president of Kenya and is also involved in the talks, thanked the commanders for their commitment to peace.
The senior negotiator for the Ethiopian federal government has stated that the next meeting of military leaders will “most likely” take place in Tigray in the middle of December. This will be followed by a meeting in Addis Ababa, the capital of Ethiopia, in January. November of 2020 marked the beginning of the conflict in Tigray. As the soldiers of Tigray tried to break through the military blockade that had been put on their province, the bloody conflict spread to the Amhara and Afar districts.
Abuse has been reported on both sides of the conflict in the country in Africa with the second-highest population. On November 4, the conflict turned two years old. Millions of people have been displaced, and many are on the brink of starvation. After a period of relative calm that lasted for several months and made it possible for thousands of trucks carrying humanitarian goods to enter Tigray, it flared up again in August.
Phone and internet connections to Tigray are still down, and foreign journalists and human rights researchers are still not allowed to enter the country. This makes it hard to confirm claims that violence is still going on in the province.